1. Basic Assumptions:
-Behavioral consequences (both positive and negative) influence whether a behavior will be repeated in similar situations.
-People learn by watching other people behave.
-People are more likely to model the behavior of those with whom they identify (Bandura, 1971).
-Behavior is determined by the interaction of the behavior, personal factors, and the environment.
2. Components of the theory:
-Vicarious Capability: people can learn from watching other people (Thomas, 1991).
-Self Regulatory Capability: people have control over their feelings and actions.
-Reciprocal Determinism: behavior is determined by interaction of the factors of behavior, personal factors, and envrionment (Gredler, 2001).
3. Instructional Assumptions:
-the learner's thought processes are important to learning.
-learning takes place as the result of the interaction of behavior, internal processes, and the environment.
4. Components of Instruction and Instructional Strategies:
-Choose good and interesting models. For example, use appropriate peer behavior when possible.
-Reward modeled behavior to make it seem desirable to the learner. For example, compliment learners following directions.
-Allow for cognitive rehearsal of skills and concepts for learning. For example, have students write journals regarding new skills.
-Encourage students self efficacy. For example, celebrate student success often.
5. Other Educational Issues:
-Ability level, motivation, and readiness will vary individually. Consider individual differences as instruction is prepared.
-Modeled behavior can be transferred to similar situations.
-Learning takes place in a variety of social contexts.